Lifestyles
Soldiers exercising

ARMY COMBAT FITNESS TEST (ACFT)

The Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) is now the Army's only physical fitness test, replacing the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). All Soldiers are challenged to pass the ACFT at the Gold Standard, which is an overall minimum total score of 60.

If you are an Active duty or Active Guard Reserve Soldier, you will take the ACFT twice a year. As an Army Reserve or Army National Guard Soldier, you will take it once a year.

About the ACFT

As military operations become more complex, it's vital that every Soldier is physically and mentally prepared to succeed. The ACFT will help you achieve peak physical fitness and mental endurance under pressure.

Designed with the latest exercise science and physical training insights, the ACFT empowers Soldiers to complete a variety of combat tasks. The test is comprised of six fitness components which improve everything from muscular strength and power to flexibility and coordination.

TEST ONE: 3 REPETITION MAXIMUM DEADLIFT (MDL)

The Repetition Maximum Deadlift event represents movements required to safely and effectively lift heavy loads from the ground, jump, bound, and tolerate landing. It requires well-conditioned back and leg muscles and helps Soldiers to avoid upper and lower back injuries caused by moving a heavy load long distances.

FITNESS COMPONENTS

Muscular strength, balance, and flexibility

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Deadlift the maximum weight you can three times

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

60-pound hex bar and plates

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for lifting 140 pounds and up to 100 points for lifting 340 pounds

TEST TWO: STANDING POWER THROW (SPT)

The Standing Power Throw event represents tasks requiring quick explosive movements to maneuver equipment and personnel.

FITNESS COMPONENTS

Explosive power, balance, and flexibility

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Throw a 10-pound medicine ball backward and overhead as far as possible

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

10-pound medicine ball

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for throwing 4.5 meters and up to 100 points for throwing 12.5 meters

TEST THREE: HAND RELEASE PUSH-UP – ARM EXTENSION (HRP)

The Hand Release Push-Up – Arm Extension is an upper body endurance test that represents repetitive and sustained pushing used in combat tests.

FITNESS COMPONENT

Muscular endurance

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Complete as many Hand-Release Push-Ups as possible in two minutes

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

Kettlebells

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for 10 repetitions and up to 100 points for 60 repetitions

TEST FOUR: SPRINT-DRAG-CARRY (SDC)

The Sprint-Drag-Carry is a test of strength, endurance and anaerobic capacity, which are needed to accomplish high intensity combat tasks that last from a few seconds to several minutes.

FITNESS COMPONENT

Muscular endurance

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Conduct these five 50-meter shuttles as fast as possible: sprint, drag, lateral, carry, and sprint

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

Two 40-pound kettlebells and a 90-pound sled

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for 3:00 minutes and up to 100 points for 1:33 minutes

TEST FIVE: LEG TUCK (LTK)

The Leg Tuck event assesses the strength of the Soldier's grip, arm, shoulder, and trunk muscles. These muscles assist Soldiers in load carriage and in avoiding injuries to the back.

FITNESS COMPONENT

Muscular strength and endurance

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Complete as many leg tucks as possible; maintain a relatively vertical posture while moving the hips and knees up and down without excessive swinging

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

Climbing Bar

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for one rep and up to 100 points for 20 reps

ALTERNATE TEST

Soldiers may temporarily utilize the “plank” exercise in lieu of the Leg Tuck to assist in transitioning to the full test

TEST SIX: TWO-MILE RUN (2MR)

The Two-Mile Run measures aerobic endurance, which is required for conducting continuous operations and ground movements on foot. Higher aerobic endurance allows the body to recover quickly in preparation for executing other physically demanding tasks that may arise during a ground movement, such as reacting quickly to enemy contact.

FITNESS COMPONENT

Aerobic endurance

WHAT YOU’LL DO

Run two miles for time on a measured, generally flat outdoor course

EQUIPMENT YOU’LL USE

Two mile run route on level field, track or running surface

POSSIBLE SCORES

60 points for 21:00 minutes and up to 100 points for 13:30 minutes

BACK TO TOP

ALTERNATE TEST

ACFT PERFORMANCE DISCLAIMER

The Army's intent is that the ACFT will not adversely or disproportionately affect any Soldier or group. No adverse administrative actions (flags, separation, denial of appointment/commissioning, derogatory/referred evaluation reports, Order of Merit List Standings, etc.) will be taken against a Soldier based on failing the ACFT until further guidance is published. Our obligation to our Soldiers is to provide them with an immersive, integrative, and comprehensive training system to ensure their success on the ACFT. The Army succeeds when our Soldiers succeed. ACFT "2.0" indicates that the Army will continue to assess and evolve the ACFT (i.e. scoring standards, alternate events). We will utilize performance data from the upcoming years to inform future modifications and updates. All Soldiers are challenged to pass ACFT 2.0 at the Gold Standard. 

As Army policy develops in FY21 and beyond, the Army recognizes we have talented Soldiers with special medical concerns or permanent profiles. The Army is committed to maintaining quality Soldiers and will develop medical and personnel policies to support this commitment. Policy recommendations will be reviewed by administrative experts, medical experts, fitness experts, senior Army Commanders/Command Sergeants Major, and Army Senior Leaders. Further guidance will be published prior to FY22.