Army Ranger Unit

RANGER BATTALIONS

The units that makeup the Ranger Regiment Structure

The 75th Ranger Regiment consists of five battalions, stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia, Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia, and Joint Base Lewis McChord in Seattle. Each battalion has its own unique lineage.

1ST RANGER BATTALION

In 1973, Army Chief of Staff Creighton Abrams issued the order to activate the first battalion-level Ranger unit since World War II. The 1st Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry officially entered service Jan. 31, 1974, at Fort Benning, Georgia.
 
The battalion was first called upon in 1980, in response to the Iranian hostage crisis. The operation was codenamed Eagle Claw. The groundwork for the Ranger Regiment’s special operations capability was laid during training and preparation for this operation.
 
Three years later, the battalion took part in Operation Urgent Fury, which saw A and B companies perform an impromptu air assault on the Point Salinas International Airport in Grenada. During the day, the Rangers on the ground captured the airport and fanned out to secure the surrounding area.
 
The battalion’s next major operation again featured a combat drop and capture of an airfield. In 1989, during Operation Just Cause, the Rangers were tasked with assaulting and seizing the Torrijos-Tocumen Airfield in Panama. The seizure allowed follow-on operations by elements of the 82nd Airborne Division. Elements of the 3rd Ranger Battalion also participated in the assault.
 
During Operation Desert Storm in 1991, elements of Company A and Company B, conducted raids and provided quick reaction force to assist the coalition operations.
 
In December 2001, in response to the events of the September 11th Attacks, elements of headquarters company and Company A deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. The entire battalion would return to that country a year later.

CREIGHTON ABRAMS

CREIGHTON ABRAMS

Army Chief of Staff and legendary armor commander Creighton Abrams directed the formation of the first Ranger battalion in 1974.
 
“The battalion is to be an elite, light and the most proficient infantry in the world,” Abrams said. “A battalion that can do things with its hands and weapons better than anyone.”
 
Abrams emphasized the professional unit excellence stems from individual Ranger personal excellence and character. Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment live this charter both personally and professionally every day.

2ND RANGER BATTALION

Activated eight months after the first battalion, The 2nd Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry made its home in Fort Lewis, Washington. The first group of cadre was trained in Fort Benning. In April 1975, the battalion conducted its first training event and progressed from individual to team, squad, platoon and company training. After the completion of an externally-evaluated battalion exercise, Chief of Staff Abrams declared the battalion “worldwide deployable”, marking the start of a series of rigorous training events conducted under varied environmental conditions around the world.
 
The battalion’s first major action was to assist with Operation Urgent Fury. Elements of the second battalion were involved with the capture of the Point Salinas International Airport, as well as the subsequent operations to secure the island. They were also tasked with rescuing American citizens being held hostage at the True Blue Medical Campus.
 
In 1989, the entire regiment participated in Operation Just Cause. The second and third battalions conducted a parachute assault on the airfield and Rio Hato, neutralized Panama’s sixth and seventh rifle companies and seized the beach house of Gen. Manuel Noriega. The battalion assisted with follow-on operations in support of Joint Task Force South.
 
In Sept. 1994, the battalion deployed to Haiti in support of Operation Uphold Democracy. In Dec. 1996, while training at the Jungle Operations Training Center in Panama, the battalion quelled rioting inside Cuban refugee camps.
 
In Dec. 2002, elements of the second battalion deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. They were followed in February by the rest of the battalion. This period marked the first time in the history of the modern Ranger regiment that a Ranger battalion was required to conduct long-duration, sustained combat operations. The second battalion was the first American force with boots on the ground in Baghdad. Earlier in the year, the battalion had been involved in numerous air assaults and raids in Afghanistan, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
 
From November to December 2003, the battalion again deployed to Afghanistan, engaging enemies, conducting mountain patrols and air assaults in the most remote regions of the country. 

3RD RANGER BATTALION

Following the successful use of Ranger battalions in Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada, the Department of the Army ordered the activation of the 3rd Ranger Battalion. In April 1984, a small cadre arrived at Fort Benning to begin the selection process. The battalion was officially activated in October of that year.
 
In December 1989, the battalion took part in Operation Just Cause in Panama. The battalion’s successful parachute assault and seizure of the airfield at Rio Hato contributed to the overall success of the operation.
 
In August 1993, elements of Company B deployed to Somalia as part of Task Force Ranger. In October, the Rangers performed a courageous daylight assault, engaging in the most intense ground combat since the Vietnam War.
 
After the September 11th Attacks, the battalion was deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. On Oct. 19, elements of A and C companies conducted a low-level parachute assault onto a desert airfield in southwestern Afghanistan to capture key logistical information. During follow-on missions, forces from Company B conducted a night parachute assault into Bastogne Drop Zone to secure a desert landing strip.
 
In the hours before Operation Iraqi Freedom, Company A conducted a parachute assault onto the H2 airfield in Western Iraq. In March 2003, the battalion gained a foothold of the Hadithah dam complex and over the next week fought off elements of the Iraqi Republican Guard’s Hammurabi Division.

REGIMENTAL SPECIAL TROOPS BATTALION (RSTB)

Responding to the war on terror and the changing nature of Ranger operations, Army officials activated the Regimental Special Troops Battalion in October 2007.
 
This battalion provides increased capabilities during combat operations by conducting command, control, communications, and other intelligence functions in support of the Ranger Regiment and other special operations task forces.
 
The battalion is made up of four companies: a headquarters company, a reconnaissance company, a communications company, and a military intelligence company. The battalion is based in Fort Benning.
 
The headquarters company provides staff, medical, maintenance, and rigger sections for the battalion and the regiment. Every medic in the Ranger Regiment must attend the Pre-Special Operations Combat Medical Course (PSOCOM), which is provided by the headquarter company’s medical section.
 
Special combat recognitions: On Nov. 10, 2001, members of the Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment conducted a military free fall parachute drop into southeast Afghanistan. The detachment’s mission was to establish a flight landing strip for follow-on combat operations. Just eleven days later, the same detachment conducted a static line parachute drop into a different drop zone to establish another landing strip.
 
Elements of the battalion dropped into Afghanistan two more times to emplace tactical equipment, once by the Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment in July 2004, and again by the Regimental Reconnaissance Company in July 2009.
*Some operations were conducted before the battalion was formally established.

REGIMENTAL MILITARY INTELLIGENCE BATTALION (RMIB)

The Regimental Military Intelligence Battalion's mission is to recruit, train, develop, and employ highly trained and specialized Rangers to conduct full spectrum intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, cyber, and electronic warfare operations in order to enhance the Regimental Commander’s situational awareness and inform his decision-making process.
 
The newly formed Battalion consists of the Military Intelligence Company (MICO),  Cyber Electro Magnetic Activities company (CEMA), Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) and is based at Fort Benning, GA.
 
The RMIB has been supplying the 75th Ranger Regiment’s ever increasing demand for targeters, analysts, interrogators, UAS pilots, signals collectors, and covert reconnaissance operators since the Battalion’s provisional inception on 22 May 2017 and will continue to support the task force for years to come. 

The Ranger Creed serves as the guiding principles for Rangers to use in their every day life.

RANGER CREED “E” and “R”

Energetically will I meet the enemies of my country. I shall defeat them on the field of battle for I am better trained and will fight with all my might. Surrender is not a ranger word. I will never leave a fallen comrade to fall into the hands of the enemy and under no circumstances will I ever embarrass my country.
 
Readily will I display the intestinal fortitude required to fight on to the ranger objective and complete the mission, though I be the lone survivor.

Additional Information About U.S. Army Rangers