Army Jag Corps
Cpt Rhinehardt and CPT Monti

Criminal Law

Judge Advocates may serve as prosecutors or defense counsel in criminal cases (courts-martial). After gaining experience at the trial level, Judge Advocates often serve as appellate counsel. Commanders can take a wide range of administrative and disciplinary measures short of a court-martial, and they depend on Judge Advocates to advise them on the most appropriate course of action.

Legal Assistance

Judge Advocates working in Legal Assistance provide counsel and advice to Soldiers, retirees and their families regarding a wide range of legal issues. These cases may include estate planning, immigration and naturalization law, family law, landlord-tenant law, state and Federal tax matters and consumer protection. Legal assistance attorneys have the option of serving overseas, and gaining hands-on experience in the laws of their host-nation.

Civil Litigation

During an average year, Judge Advocates represent the interests of the United States in a full range of tort claims, totaling more than $80 million. In addition, Judge Advocates recover more than $20 million in tort-feasors involving injuries to Army personnel and property. In all cases affecting the Army, Judge Advocates investigate and prepare the case for trial in coordination with the Department of Justice or the local U.S. Attorney.

Administrative Law

Just as corporate supervisors and CEOs depend on corporate lawyers for advice in civilian practice, Judge Advocates provide legal advice to commanders and staff officers. Judge Advocates practicing Administrative Law work on issues as varied as environmental law, Privacy Act and Freedom of Information Act matters, as well as in such areas as intelligence oversight and military enforcement of civil laws.

Labor Law

As the largest civilian employer in the country, the U.S. Army is involved in a considerable amount of labor litigation. Judge Advocates advise Commanders on all aspects of labor management relations for both private and public-sector union matters. Judge Advocates may also be called upon to represent the Army in Federal court, or in administrative hearings before the Merit Systems Protection Board, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or the Federal Labor Relations Authority.

International Law

As Army personnel are stationed in other countries, questions will arise about the interpretation of international agreements as well as foreign laws. Judge Advocates participate actively in negotiating and drafting international agreements involving the status of U.S. Forces. Judge Advocates also observe and report on foreign trials of U.S. service members to ensure that the due process rights of U.S. personnel are respected. Finally, Judge Advocates uphold the legal obligations of the United States under applicable international agreements.

Operational Law

Judge Advocates provide legal advice to Commanders and their staffers on domestic, foreign and international laws that influence military operations. This includes reviewing military plans and providing advice on the laws of war, rules of engagement, domestic law relating to deployment of forces in support of our allies, and the legal aspects of civil affairs.


Experienced Judge Advocates may be selected to teach at The Judge Advocate General's School in Charlottesville, Va., The United States Military Academy at West Point, or other military schools throughout the United States. The Army also encourages Judge Advocates to publish scholarly articles in the Military Law Review, The Army Lawyer, and civilian legal publications.

Medical Law

Some Judge Advocates specialize in legal problems specific to hospital administration, medical practice and research. They may be involved in such matters as the credentialing of health care professionals, human subject research, risk management programs, and medical malpractice claims.

Contract Law

The Army deals with a large amount of contracts as part of the overall budget. Judge Advocates review most contracts for supplies, services, construction, and research and development. They may also be called to render legal opinions on procurement procedures, bid protests, contract terminations and contract appeal disputes. In addition, Judge Advocates will serve as legal advisors to contracting Officers and boards of award. Experienced Judge Advocates litigate contract disputes before the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals and the U.S. Court of Claims.