University of Dayton
Close Order Drill was a main ingredient to training during the WW II period

UD hosted the Army Specialized Training Program during WWII (1944)

Close Order Drill was a main ingredient to training during the WW II period

Army ROTC at the University of Dayton Over the Years

The Army Reserve Officer's Training Corps (ROTC) has been a strong andviable program at the University of Dayton for over 85 years. The programstarted in 1917 as a course in military instruction and later in 1918, wasaccepted into the Student Army Training Corps (SATC), a program started to helpproduce officers for the First World War. With the ending of the War, the unitwas disbanded in December of 1918. However the administration applied for theestablishment of an ROTC unit to be formed, and on 4 January 1919, UD's firstofficial Army ROTC unit was started. Army ROTC has been taught ever since,except for a brief period during World War II when men were receiving directcommissions from 1942 through 1946. Army ROTC was mandatory for all freshmenand sophomores from the Fall of 1920 until September of 1969, when at theheight of the Vietnam conflict, ROTC was made a voluntary program. The Fall of1975 saw students from Wright State University (WSU) begin taking ROTC classesand receiving commissions through UD's program. In September of 1980, WSUbecame a formal extension center of UD, were assigned their own cadre, andbegan commissioning cadets on their own. In September of 1997 WSU received fullhost battalion status.  Cadet Command was established as a separatecommand within Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) in the Spring of 1986.This resulted in the ROTC programs nation wide changing from"detachments" to "battalions". The University of Dayton ArmyROTC officially became known as...The Fighting Flyer Battalion

Formation of Army ROTC at UD and the World War I Era (1917-1929)

On April 4, 1919, the program was upgraded to a senior unit under thecommand of Major James R. Hill.  To be enrolled in the Advanced Course, acadet had to be recommended by the Professor of Military Science and Tactics,and recommendation needed the approval of the college president.  TheAdvanced Course requirements included the signing of a contract in which thecadet agreed to serve in the program for two years.  Cadets accepted intothe Advanced Course spent five hours per week on military training and attendeda summer camp, if they had not already attended a camp as part of the juniorunit.  Advanced Course topics included topography, field engineering, mapreading, marching, making and breaking camp, and camp sanitation.  Inaddition to the same uniform issue as in the Basic Course, the advanced cadetsreceived a fixed rations rate from the Secretary of War—40 cents per day!

World War II and the Korean War Era (1930-1959)

 

With the end of the First World War and the close of the 1920s, UD’s ROTCprogram had made it out of its infancy and had begun to mature. The First WorldWar had proven the need for quality officers in time of war and, in meetingthat need, ROTC had demonstrated its importance. At UD new military clubs andsocieties were created and the Corps began to grow into a sizable unit.Throughout the next three decades the ROTC Department had a lot to do with theactivities and programs at UD.  Cadets were the single largest group ofstudents on the campus, numbering, at times, in the thousands.  The Corpsof Cadets played vital roles in on-campus sporting events, socials, and evenaffairs involving the city of Dayton.  The cadets received new uniforms in1930 and UD entered the 1930s with renewed energy.

 

Vietnam Era and the ROTC Revitalization Act (1960-1979)

As in previous years, some very significant people visited the MilitaryScience Department and UD during the 1960s and 1970sMajor General Edwin H.Burba, Deputy Commander of the 1st Army, came to UD in 1969 topresent two awards. A cadre member, Major James A. Sullivan, was awarded theLegion of Merit for outstanding service from June 1967 to June 1968.  Healso presented the Very Reverend Raymond A. Roesch, the President of UD, withthe highest civilian award offered by the Department of the Army, theDistinguished Civilian Service Medal.  It was awarded for his service andsupport to the ROTC program at UD and for his service to the nation.

Cold War to the Global War on Terror (1980-Today)

The program continued to attract some of the nation’s finest leaders, as thechanging balance of power in international relations shifted the Army’s focusfrom a reasonably predictable defense against the Warsaw Pact to a far morenebulous threat of international terror. The danger to the nation typified bythe events of September 11, 2001 has led many young students to offer theirservice to the nation. UD Army ROTC graduates not only serve in far-flungreaches of the globe, but often return to UD to offer insights and advice tothe program’s cadets. As the Army transforms, the cadre continues to challengethe cadets to think of ways to more effectively prepare to lead AmericanSoldiers.