African-American Heroes
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New Orleans Native Guard, 1861

Civil War

In 1862, Congress revoked the militia laws banning blacks from serving in the Union Army. Sixteen African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions during the Civil War.

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Squadron of the 9th Cavalry at Fort Robinson, Nebraska

Indian Campaigns

Serving the nation in the Indian wars, black units earned the respect of the Native Americans and the nation. During the Indian Campaigns, 18 African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.

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Spanish American War

For the first time, black troops were sent to serve outside United States territory. Following the Spanish American War, five African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.

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New York's famous 369th regiment arrives home from France

World War I

Despite discrimination and segregated units, African-Americans proved their valor and patriotism to the nation. During World War I, only one African-American Soldier was awarded the Medal of Honor.

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A company of men has set up its office between the columns of an ancient Greek temple of Neptune, built about 700 B.C. Italy, September 22, 1943.

World War II

It is estimated that three fourths of African Americans served in the Army knowing the freedom to serve the country did not mean freedom to participate fully. Seven African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor for their service during World War II.

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Korean War

The Korean War was the turning point in the acceptance of African-American Soldiers. For their service during the Korean War, two African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.

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Vietnam War

By the time of the Vietnam War, African-American Soldiers were fully integrated into all aspects of the Army. During the Vietnam War, 15 African-American Soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.

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