Special Forces Soldiers operate on a 12-man team known as Operational Detachment Alpha. Each Soldier in an ODA has a specialty job, like 18B Weapons Sergeant, 18C Engineer Sergeant, or 18D Medical Sergeant. The Soldiers are also cross-trained in other jobs for maximum effectiveness in an operational environment.
In order to become a Special Forces Soldier, you must complete several rigorous training courses. The Special Operations Preparation Course (SOPC) is a 30-day program that focuses on fitness training and honing land navigation techniques.
SOPC serves as a primer for Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS), a 21-day survival-training program. Candidates who successfully complete SFAS can move on to the Special Forces Qualification Course, which is designed to develop Special Forces Soldiers into experts in unconventional warfare.